Oslo Manual: Guidelines for Collecting and Interpreting Innovation Data 

The Oslo manual provides guidelines for collecting and interpreting innovation data in an internationally comparable manner. It came to life from an attempt by the OECD Working Party of National Experts on Science and Technology to develop Indicators that could conceptualise and measure business innovation. The fourth comprehensive Oslo Manual provides a common framework for measuring innovation more inclusively across the economy, in government, in non-profit organisations and households,  benefitting from inputs by UNESCO, the World Bank and several regional development banks, which, like the OECD, are firmly committed to developing an evidence base to support investments in innovation and promote economic and social development.